During your time as the owner of a puppy, you’ll soon discover that they can be quite the little rascal and as such are also in need of first aid for puppies. There’s no telling what sort of events and incidents could potentially occur, so, as always, it’s best to prepare for worst case scenarios as a safety precaution for your pup’s own good.
Make a First Aid Kit
You should first start by organizing a general First Aid Kit for your puppy. Be sure to include important items like a thermometer, ice packs, gloves, towels, meat flavored baby foods, tweezers, scissors, peroxide, and alcohol wipes. A compact toolbox will work perfectly for keeping all these items together in one place. Under the toolbox’s cover, you should write your name, your address, your phone number, and your vet’s name and vet’s number just in case you ever happen to lose the box.
Now let’s cover what you should actually do in the event of your pup’s injury. Keep in mind that these steps only apply to mild injuries and/or as preliminary steps; if anything serious ever happens, you need to bring your puppy to the vet either immediately or right after these basic steps.
Puppy First Aid for Bleeding and Burns
For mild bleeding, apply direct pressure to the wound until the bleeding stops. You should then continue to hold for at least ten minutes and then bandage the wound up.
For burns, including chemical, electrical, and heat burns, there will be swelling, redness of skin, and blistering. You should run the pup’s wound generously under cool water. Next, place ice gently on the injured part for twenty minutes. Make sure that you wrap the ice pack in a towel first so it doesn’t hurt the pup’s skin.
Puppy First Aid Diarrhea and Heatstroke
Diarrhea has the potential to create some serious issues for your puppy. If the pup starts having it, take his or her food away for around twelve to twenty-four hours. But be sure to leave some water available for your dog to drink. Keep in mind that some animals that look constipated are in fact sore from diarrhea. If your pup doesn’t improve, call the vet to make an appointment; first aid for puppies can only go so far.
Heatstroke is quite scary to witness. The puppy will have rapid breathing or difficulty in breathing at all; he or she may vomit and suffer from a high body temperature and weakness. First, run cool water over the pup. Next, wrap him or her in a cool, wet towel. You can stop all ministrations once his or her body temperature is 103 degrees.
Puppy First Aid for Fractures and Bites
If you think your dog has fractured a limb, do NOT do anything yourself, but instead call the vet immediately. Look for any bleeding as well as for symptoms of shock. DO NOT try to set any fracture yourself; you would almost certainly do far more harm than any good. Instead, simply and gently transport your pup to the vet, being particularly careful when touching the injured limb.
If your puppy ever gets bitten by another animal, you should first make sure that you don’t get bitten by your own pup. Even well-behaved dogs may bite when frightened and in pain. After your pup has calmed down some, clean his or her wound with saline and then wrap it with gauze to keep it clean. Again, if there is bleeding, follow the above guide regarding bleeding and apply pressure. Do not ever use a tourniquet to stop bleeding. You should also wear gloves to for good hygiene. Next, call the vet and ask for advice regarding medication and prevention of infection. Do this for any open wound, regardless of whether or not another animal caused it or not.
Now you’re better equipped to keep your precious pup safe and sound! Hopefully you won’t need to apply this advice on first aid for puppies, but it’s always better to be safe than sorry. Take care!